Frogs & Toads of Virginia

Virginia Frog & Toad ID Guide | Frog Development Chart

Frog & toad calls copyright Lang Elliott, NatureSound Studio, www.naturesound.com

Scientific Name (Common Name)
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Photos

Acris crepitans
(Eastern Cricket Frog)

Average Length: 0.6 - 1.4 in. (1.6 - 3.5 cm)

Acris gryllus
(Southern Cricket Frog)

Average Length: 0.6 - 1.25 in. (1.6 - 3.5 cm)

Anaxyrus americanus americanus
(Eastern American Toad)

(formerly Bufo americanus)
Average Length: 2 - 3.5 in. (5.1 - 9 cm)

Anaxyrus fowleri
(Fowler's Toad)

(formerly Bufo fowleri)
Average Length: 2 - 3 in. (4.4 - 7.5 cm)

Anaxyrus quercicus
(Oak Toad)

(formerly Bufo quercicus)
Average Length: 0.75 - 1.3 in. (1.9 - 3.3 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Anaxyrus terrestris
(Southern Toad)

Average Length: 1.6 - 3 in. (4.1 - 7.5 cm)

Gastrophryne carolinensis
(Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad)

Average Length: 0.9 - 1.25 in. (2.2 - 3.2 cm)

Hyla chrysoscelis
(Cope's Gray Treefrog)

Average Length: 1.25 - 2 in. (3.2 - 5.1 cm)

Our two native gray treefrogs are identical in appearance. In the field the only two ways to distinguish H. chrysoscelis from H. versicolor is by their call and in some cases geographic location.

Hyla cinerea
(Green Treefrog)

Average Length: 1.25 - 2.25 in. (3.2 - 5.7 cm)

Hyla femoralis
(Pine Woods Treefrog)

Average Length: 1 - 1.5 in. (2.5 - 3.8 cm)

Hyla gratiosa
(Barking Treefrog)

Average Length: 2 - 2.6 in. (3.2 - 5.7 cm)

* State Threatened *

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Hyla squirella
(Squirrel Treefrog)

Average Length: 0.9 - 1.6 in. (2.2 - 4.1 cm)

Hyla versicolor
(Gray Treefrog)

Average Length: 1.25 - 2 in. (3.2 - 5.1 cm)

Our two native gray treefrogs are identical in appearance. In the field the only two ways to distinguish H. chrysoscelis from H. versicolor is by their call and in some cases geographic location.

Lithobates catesbeianus
(American Bullfrog)

(formerly Rana catesbeiana)
Average Length: 3.6 - 6 in. (9 - 15.2 cm)

Lithobates clamitans
(Green Frog)

Average Length: 2.25 - 3.5 in. (5.7 - 9 cm)

Lithobates palustris
(Pickerel Frog)

Average Length: 1.75 - 3 in. (4.4 - 7.5 cm)

Lithobates sphenocephalus
(Southern Leopard Frog)

Average Length: 2 - 3.5 in. (5.1 - 9 cm)

Lithobates sylvaticus
(Wood Frog)

Average Length: 1.4 - 2.73 in. (3.5 - 7 cm)

Lithobates virgatipes
(Carpenter Frog)

Average Length: 1.6 - 6 in. (4.1 - 2.6 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier III

Pseudacris brachyphona
(Mountain Chorus Frog)

Average Length: 0.75 - 1.25 in. (1.9 - 3.2 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Pseudacris brimleyi
(Brimley's Chorus Frog)

Average Length: 0.75 - 1.25 in. (1.9 - 3.2 cm)

Pseudacris crucifer
(Spring Peeper)

Average Length: 0.75 - 1.25 in. (1.9 - 3.2 cm)

Pseudacris feriarum
(Upland Chorus Frog)

Average Length: 0.75 - 1.4 in. (1.9 - 3.5 cm)

Pseudacris kalmi
(New Jersey Chorus Frog)

Average Length: 0.75 - 1.25 in. (1.9 - 3.2 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

Pseudacris nigrita
(Southern Chorus Frog)

Average Length: 0.75 - 1.25 in. (1.9 - 3.2 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

Pseudacris ocularis
(Little Grass Frog)

Average Length: 0.4 - 0.6 in. (1.1 - 1.6 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

Scaphiopus holbrookii
(Eastern Spadefoot)

Average Length: 1.75 - 2.25 in. (4.4 - 5.7 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

The Virginia Herpetological Society follows the naming conventions set forth by the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, The Herpetologists’ League, and the Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. For the most current list click here.

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier IV - Moderate Conservation Need - The species may be rare in parts of its range, particularly on the periphery. Populations of these species have demonstrated a significant declining trend or one is suspected which, if continued, is likely to qualify this species for a higher tier in the foreseeable future. Long-term planning is necessary to stabilize or increase populations.

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier III - High Conservation Need - Extinction or extirpation is possible. Populations of these species are in decline or have declined to low levels or are in a restricted range. Management action is needed to stabilize or increase populations.

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier II - Very High Conservation Need - Has a high risk of extinction or extirpation. Populations of these species are at very low levels, facing real threat(s), or occur within a very limited distribution. Immediate management is needed for stabilization and recovery.

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier I - Critical Conservation Need - Faces an extremely high risk of extinction or extirpation. Populations of these species are at critically low levels, facing immediate threat(s), or occur within an extremely limited range. Intense and immediate management action is needed.

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