Atlantic Coast Slimy Salamander
Plethodon chlorobryonis

Common Name:

Atlantic Coast Slimy Salamander

Scientific Name:

Plethodon chlorobryonis



plethore is Greek meaning "fullness or full of",  odon is Greek for "teeth". Referring to  the number of paravomerine and vomerine teeth.


chloro is Greek for "green", bryonis is Greek meaning "white bitter root juice" referring to the to slimy skin secretions of the salamander.

Average Length:

4.75 - 6.75 in. (12.1 - 17.2 cm)

Virginia Record Length:

Record length:

8.1 in. (20.6 cm)

This salamander is black to blue-black with silvery white spots or brassy flecks or both. The belly is normally lighter than the dorsum. Adults average 4.5-8.0 in. (11.5-20.5 cm) in total length. These are “sticky” salamanders whose skin-gland secretions cling to your hands like glue and almost have to wear off. Eggs are laid in or under logs and among roots, but are rarely found. In the coastal plain, females lay eggs annually in late summer or fall.

Eggs laid in or under logs and around roots, are rarely found *1014*. The slimy salamanders are associated with eastern deciduous forests and live in moist forest floor microhabitats at elevations ranging from near sea level to about 1500 m. It also inhabits bottomland hardwoods, swamp forests, and wet pinewoods. Adults can be found by turning over rocks or logs on the ground surface during the day.*11305*

References for Life History

  • 11305 - Petranka, J.W., 1998, Salamanders of the United States and Canada, 587 pp. pgs., Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC


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