Blue Ridge Spring Salamander
Gyrinophilus porphyriticus danielsi

  • Blue Ridge Spring Salamander
  • Blue Ridge Spring Salamander
Blue Ridge Spring Salamander1 Blue Ridge Spring Salamander2

Common Name:
Blue Ridge Spring Salamander
Scientific Name:
Gyrinophilus porphyriticus danielsi
gyrinos is Greek for "tadpole", philos is Greek for "loving" or "fond of". Referring to the multi-year larval stage.
porphyros is Greek for "reddish-brown or purple" icus is a Latin suffix that calls attention to the color. Referring to dorsal color of the salamander.
danielsi is in honor of Lewis Ernest Daniels (1886-1955)
Average Length:
5 - 7.5 in. (12.5 - 19 cm)
Virginia Record Length: 
Record length:
 8.1 in. (20.5 cm)


PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: 120-220 mm; stout body; broadly truncate snout; 18 costal grooves; dorsum lightly brownish orange or salmon often with dark spots or flecks; a light line, bordered below by a dark line, extends from eye to nostril; venter flesh colored; throat may be flecked or reticulated with black *1014*;

REPRODUCTION: lays eggs July or August; clutch=20-60; hatch in 3 months; females mature at 5 years *1014*;

BEHAVIOR: inhabits springs; small, cold, rocky streams; caves; by day hide under stones near edge of streams *1014*; survives best along headwater zones of mountain brooks and springs at high elevations *875*; may be found some distance from brooks in damp forests *2077*; eggs attached to lower surface of submerged rock; eggs attended by female *1014*

References for Life History


*Click on a thumbnail for a larger version.


Verified County/City Occurrence

Albemarle County
Augusta County
Grayson County
Page County
Rappahannock County
Rockingham County
Smyth County
Verified in 7 Counties/Cities.

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