Blue Ridge Two-lined Salamander
Eurycea wilderae

Common Name:

Blue Ridge Two-lined Salamander

Scientific Name:

Eurycea wilderae



Eurycea has no known meaning, but is thought to be mythological in nature.


wilderae is in honor of Inez Luanne Whipple Wilder (1871-1929)

Average Length:

2.8 - 4.3 in. (7 - 10.7 cm)

Virginia Record Length:

Record length:

4.8 in (12.1 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier III - High Conservation Need - Extinction or extirpation is possible. Populations of these species are in decline or have declined to low levels or are in a restricted range. Management action is needed to stabilize or increase populations.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Dorsolateral dark stripe heavy, black, with straight upper edge; continuous on basal half or two-thirds of tail, broken into a series of spots on distal half; sides below dorsolateral band marked with definite black spots of irregular size and shape; length to 120 mm *1009*; male's head swollen back of the eyes; female's head slender with almost parallel sides; male's snout broad; female's snout bluntly pointed; noticeable glandular hump at base of male's tail, dorsally *1009*.

REPRODUCTION: The clutch averages 43 eggs that are laid under rocks or other cover in seeps or streams, usually in running water; 50 days are usually required for hatching, depending on the air temperatures; hatching occurs from late June through August *10812*.

BEHAVIOR: Found in and along the margins of mountain springs and streams; hide beneath sheltering objects such as stones, bark, logs, and other debris; occasionally found far from open water under logs, bark, moss, and leaves in damp situations; most abundant above 2000 feet *1009*. Courtship can occur on land or in the water during early spring *10812*.

References for Life History

  • 1009 - Bishop, S.C., 1943, Handbook of Salamanders, 555 pgs., Comstock Publ. Co., New York, NY
  • 2077 - Russ, W.P., 1973, The rare and endangered terrestrial vertebrates of Virginia, Ph.D. dissertation, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ., Blacksburg, 339 pgs.
  • 10812 - Organ, J.A., 1990, Salamander Survey Section One 1990, Prepared for the Mount Rogers National Recreation Area, Jefferson National Forest, 40 pgs., Dept. of Bio. of the City College of New York, New York


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