Blue Ridge Two-lined Salamander
Eurycea wilderae

  • Blue Ridge Two-lined Salamander
  • Blue Ridge Two-lined Salamander
Blue Ridge Two-lined Salamander1 Blue Ridge Two-lined Salamander2

Common Name:
Blue Ridge Two-lined Salamander
Scientific Name:
Eurycea wilderae
Etymology:
Genus:
Eurycea has no known meaning, but is thought to be mythological in nature.
 Species:
wilderae is in honor of Inez Luanne Whipple Wilder (1871-1929)
Average Length:
2.8 - 4.3 in. (7 - 10.7 cm)
Virginia Record Length: 
Record length:
4.8 in (12.1 cm)

 

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier III - High Conservation Need - Extinction or extirpation is possible. Populations of these species are in decline or have declined to low levels or are in a restricted range. Management action is needed to stabilize or increase populations.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Dorsolateral dark stripe heavy, black, with straight upper edge; continuous on basal half or two-thirds of tail, broken into a series of spots on distal half; sides below dorsolateral band marked with definite black spots of irregular size and shape; length to 120 mm *1009*; male's head swollen back of the eyes; female's head slender with almost parallel sides; male's snout broad; female's snout bluntly pointed; noticeable glandular hump at base of male's tail, dorsally *1009*.

REPRODUCTION: The clutch averages 43 eggs that are laid under rocks or other cover in seeps or streams, usually in running water; 50 days are usually required for hatching, depending on the air temperatures; hatching occurs from late June through August *10812*.

BEHAVIOR: Found in and along the margins of mountain springs and streams; hide beneath sheltering objects such as stones, bark, logs, and other debris; occasionally found far from open water under logs, bark, moss, and leaves in damp situations; most abundant above 2000 feet *1009*. Courtship can occur on land or in the water during early spring *10812*.

References for Life History

Photos:

*Click on a thumbnail for a larger version.

       
 
Grayson Co.
       

 

Verified County/City Occurrence

Carroll County
Grayson County
Smyth County
Washington County
Verified in 4 Counties/Cities.


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