Northern Two-lined Salamander
Eurycea bislineata

  • Northern Two-lined Salamander with Eggs
  • Northern Two-lined Salamander - Highland Co.
  • Northern Two-lined Salamander
  • Northern Two-lined Salamander Larvae
Northern Two-lined Salamander with Eggs1 Northern Two-lined Salamander - Highland Co.2 Northern Two-lined Salamander3 Northern Two-lined Salamander Larvae4

Common Name:
Northern Two-lined Salamander
Scientific Name:
Eurycea bislineata
Eurycea has no known meaning, but is thought to be mythological in nature.
bislineata is Latin meaning "two lined or striped". Referring to the two lines found on the dorsum.
Average Length:
2.5 - 3.3 in. (6.4 - 9.5 cm)
Virginia Record Length: 
Record length:
4.8 in. (12.1 cm)


For additional information see: The Distribution and Identification of Two-lined Salamanders in Virginia

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: The dorsal band is bright greenish-yellow to orange- yellow or brownish, not strongly suffused with dusky, but with small black flecks are often arranged in a linear series along the mid-line. The sides below the dorsolateral dark strip are uniformly grayish or mottled extending to the upper level of the legs. There is a glandular protuberance on base of the tail above in the adult males. The length can be up to 97 mm *1009*.

REPRODUCTION: This species resorts to water during the egg-laying season *1009*. The courtship occurs in the fall. The eggs are laid in the winter and spring. The eggs are deposited on the undersurfaces of rocks, logs, usually in running water. The female remains with eggs until hatching the aquatic larvae *865*.

BEHAVIOR: This species inhabits brooksides and hides beneath stones and logs in well saturated soil. This species swims freely *1009*. It lives near spring seepages and streams in hardwood forests and swamps *1014*. It is very moisture dependent, and retreats to moist cover during dry periods *917*. Over 98% of the activity is confined to dark hours and is correlated with precipitation. It occurs along streams and in swamps around lakes *965*. This species requires moisture and a temperature of 12.8 degrees C to trigger spring breeding migration *857*. It hibernates with the approach of winter, lowered soil temperature, and/or adverse moisture conditions *986*.

ORIGIN: This species is native *1008*.

References for Life History


*Click on a thumbnail for a larger version.

Adult with eggs
Loudoun Co.
Adult - Fairfax Co. Larvae - Fairfax Co. Adult - Highland Co.


Verified County/City Occurrence

Albemarle County
Alexandria City
Arlington County
Augusta County
Bath County
Clarke County
Culpeper County
Fairfax City
Fairfax County
Fauquier County
Frederick County
Greene County
Harrisonburg City
Highland County
Loudoun County
Madison County
Nelson County
Page County
Prince William County
Rappahannock County
Rockbridge County
Rockingham County
Shenandoah County
Stafford County
Warren County
Verified in 25 Counties/Cities.

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