Salamanders of Virginia

Scientific name (Common name)
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Photos

Ambystoma jeffersonianum
(Jefferson Salamander)

Average Length: 4.5 - 7 in. (10.7 - 18 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

Ambystoma mabeei
(Mabee's Salamander)

Average Length: 3 - 4 in. (7.5 - 10.2 cm)

* State Threatened *
Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Ambystoma maculatum
(Spotted Salamander)

Average Length: 4.4 - 7.75 in. (11.2 - 19.7 cm)

Ambystoma opacum
(Marbled Salamander)

Average Length: 3.5 - 4.25 in. (9 - 10.7 cm)

Ambystoma talpoideum
(Mole Salamander)

Average Length: 3 - 4 in. (7.5 - 10.2 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Ambystoma tigrinum
(Eastern Tiger Salamander)

Average Length: 7 - 8.25 in. (18 - 21 cm)

* State Endangered *
Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Amphiuma means
(Two-toed Amphiuma)

Average Length: 14.5 - 30 in. (36.8 - 76 cm)

Aneides aeneus
(Green Salamander)

Average Length: 3.25 - 5 in. (8.3 - 12.5 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating:Tier II

Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis
(Eastern Hellbender)

Average Length: 11.5 - 20 in. (29.2 - 51 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Desmognathus auriculatus
(Southern Dusky Salamander)

Average Length: 3 - 5 in. (7.5 - 12.5 cm)

Desmognathus fuscus
(Northern Dusky Salamander)

Average Length: 2.25 - 4.25 in. (6.4 - 11.5 cm)

Desmognathus marmoratus
(Shovel-nosed Salamander)

Average Length: 3.5 - 5 in. (9 - 12.5 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier III

Desmognathus monticola
(Seal Salamander)

Average Length: 3.25 - 5 in. (8.3 - 12.5 cm)

Desmognathus ochrophaeus
(Alleghany Mountain Dusky Salamander)

Average Length: 2.75 - 4 in. (7 - 10 cm)

Desmognathus wrighti
(Pygmy Salamander)

Average Length: 1.5 - 2 in. (3.8 - 5.1 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier III

Desmognathus orestes
(Blue Ridge Dusky Salamander)

Average Length: 2.75 - 4 in. (7 - 10 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

Desmognathus planiceps
(Flat-headed Salamander)

Average Length: 2.75 - 4 in. (7 - 10 cm)

Desmognathus quadramaculatus
(Black-bellied Salamander)

Average Length: 4 - 6.9 in. (10 - 17.5 cm)

Desmognathus welteri
(Black Mountain Salamander)

Average Length: 3 - 5 in. (7.5 - 12.5 cm)

Eurycea bislineata
(Northern Two-lined Salamander)

Average Length: 2.5 - 3.75 in. (6.4 - 9.5 cm)

Eurycea cirrigera
(Southern Two-lined Salamander)

Average Length: 2.5 - 3.75 in. (6.4 - 9.5 cm)

Eurycea guttolineata
(Three-lined Salamander)

Average Length: 4 - 6.25 in. (10 - 15.9 cm)

Eurycea longicauda longicauda
(Long-tailed Salamander)

Average Length: 4 - 6.25 in. (10 - 15.9 cm)

Eurycea lucifuga
(Cave Salamander)

Average Length: 4 - 6 in. (10 - 15.2 cm)

Eurycea wilderae
(Blue Ridge Two-lined Salamander)

Average Length: 2.5 - 3.75 in. (6.4 - 9.5 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier III

Gyrinophilus porphyriticus danielsi
(Blue Ridge Spring Salamander)

Average Length: 5 - 7.5 in. (12.5 - 19 cm)

Gyrinophilus porphyriticus duryi
(Kentucky Spring Salamander)

Average Length: 4.8 - 7.5 in. (12.1 - 19 cm)

Gyrinophilus porphyriticus porphyriticus
(Northern Spring Salamander)

Average Length: 4.8 - 7.5 in. (12.1 - 19 cm)

Hemidactylium scutatum
(Four-toed Salamander)

Average Length: 2 - 3.5 in. (5.1 - 9 cm)

Necturus maculosus maculosus
(Common Mudpuppy)

Average Length: 8 - 13 in. (20 - 33 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier III

Necturus punctatus
(Dwarf Waterdog)

Average Length: 4.5 - 6.25 in. (11.5 - 15.9 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier III

Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens
(Red-spotted Newt)

Average Length: 2.25 - 4.8 in. (5.7 - 12.2 cm)

Plethodon chlorobryonis
(Atlantic Coast Slimy Salamander)

Average Length: 4.75 - 6.75 in. (12.1 - 17.2 cm)

Plethodon cinereus
(Eastern Red-backed Salamander)

Average Length: 2.25 - 4 in. (5.7 - 10 cm)


The three common color morphs of the Red-backed Salamander.

Plethodon cylindraceus
(White-spotted Slimy Salamander)

Average Length: 4.75 - 6.75 in. (12.1 - 17.2 cm)

Plethodon glutinosus
(Northern Slimy Salamander)

Average Length: 4.75 - 6.75 in. (12.1 - 17.2 cm)

Plethodon hoffmani
(Valley and Ridge Salamander)

Average Length: 3.6 - 4.4 in. (9.1 - 11.2 cm)

Plethodon hubrichti
(Peaks of Otter Salamander)

Average Length: 3.2 - 4.8 in. (8.1 - 12.2 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Plethodon kentucki
(Cumberland Plateau Salamander)

Average Length: 3.9 - 6.6 in. (9.8 - 16.8 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

Plethodon montanus
(Northern Gray-cheeked Salamander)

Average Length: 3.5 - 5 in. (9 - 12.5 cm)

Plethodon punctatus
(Cow Knob Salamander)

Average Length: 4 - 5 in. (10 - 12.2 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Plethodon richmondi
(Southern Ravine Salamander)

Average Length: 3 - 4.5 in. (7.5 - 11.5 cm)

Plethodon shenandoah
(Shenandoah Salamander)

Average Length: 3 - 4.3 in. (7.5 - 11 cm)

* Federal Endangered State Endangered *
Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier I

Plethodon sherando
(Big Levels Salamander)

Average Length: 3 - 4.3 in. (7.5 - 11 cm)

Plethodon ventralis
(Southern Zigzag Salamander)

Average Length: 2.5 - 3.5 in. (6.4 - 9 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Plethodon virginia
(Shenandoah Mountain Salamander)

Average Length: 3.6 - 4.4 in. (9.1 - 11.2 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier III/p>

Plethodon wehrlei
(Wehrle's Salamander)

Average Length: 4 - 5.25 in. (10 - 13.3 cm)

Plethodon welleri
(Weller's Salamander)

Average Length: 2.5 - 3.1 in. (6.4 - 7.9 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Plethodon yonahlossee
(Yonahlossee Salamander)

Average Length: 4.5 - 7 in. (11.5 - 18 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

Pseudotriton montanus diastictus
(Midland Mud Salamander)

Average Length: 3 - 6.5 in. (7.5 - 16.5 cm)

Pseudotriton montanus montanus
(Eastern Mud Salamander)

Average Length: 3 - 6.5 in. (7.5 - 16.5 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

Pseudotriton ruber nitidus
(Blue Ridge Red Salamander)

Average Length: 4 - 6 in. (10 - 15.2 cm)

Pseudotriton ruber ruber
(Northern Red Salamander)

Average Length: 4 - 6 in. (10 - 15.2 cm)

Siren intermedia intermedia
(Eastern Lesser Siren)

Average Length: 7 - 27 in. (18 - 68.6 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier III

Siren lacertina
(Greater Siren)

Average Length: 20 - 30 in. (51 - 76 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

Stereochilus marginatus
(Many-lined Salamander)

Average Length: 2.5 - 3.75 in. (6.4 - 9.5 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

The Virginia Herpetological Society follows the naming conventions set forth by the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, The Herpetologists’ League, and the Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. For the most current list click here.

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier IV - Moderate Conservation Need - The species may be rare in parts of its range, particularly on the periphery. Populations of these species have demonstrated a significant declining trend or one is suspected which, if continued, is likely to qualify this species for a higher tier in the foreseeable future. Long-term planning is necessary to stabilize or increase populations.

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier III - High Conservation Need - Extinction or extirpation is possible. Populations of these species are in decline or have declined to low levels or are in a restricted range. Management action is needed to stabilize or increase populations.

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier II - Very High Conservation Need - Has a high risk of extinction or extirpation. Populations of these species are at very low levels, facing real threat(s), or occur within a very limited distribution. Immediate management is needed for stabilization and recovery.

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier I - Critical Conservation Need - Faces an extremely high risk of extinction or extirpation. Populations of these species are at critically low levels, facing immediate threat(s), or occur within an extremely limited range. Intense and immediate management action is needed.

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