| Common Name:
Southern Two-lined Salamander
| Scientific Name:
Eurycea has no known meaning, but is thought to be
mythological in nature.
cirrigera is Latin meaning "having a lock or curl of
hair". Referring to pendant nasolabial found in sexually active males.
| Average Length:
2.5 - 3.3 in. (6.4 - 9.5 cm)
| Virginia Record Length:
| Record length:
4.3 in. (11 cm)
For additional information see: The Distribution and Identification of Two-lined Salamanders in Virginia
PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: 14 costal grooves; dorsolateral dark stripe usually continued on the tail to its tip; adult males with prominent circi; sides below dark stripe often brown and white, mottled or with a series of white spots in a line above the legs; belly yellowish; length to 98 mm *1009*.
REPRODUCTION: Clutch size is about 50 eggs; these hatch in the spring *1009*; courtship in fall; eggs laid in winter and spring *1014*.
BEHAVIOR: Found under rocks, logs and leaves in the river and creek swamps and the outlets of springs *1009*; hardwood forests and swamps *1014*.
References for Life History
- 1009 - Bishop, S.C., 1943, Handbook of Salamanders, 555 pgs., Comstock Publ. Co., New York, NY
- 1014 - Martof, B.S., Palmer, W.M., Bailey, J.R., Harrison, III J.R., 1980, Amphibians and Reptiles of the Carolinas and Virginia, 264 pgs., UNC Press, Chapel Hill, NC
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Verified County/City Occurrence
Buena Vista City
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Clifton Forge City
Isle of Wight County
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King and Queen County
King George County
King William County
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Virginia Beach City
Verified in 86 Counties/Cities.