Southern Zigzag Salamander
Plethodon ventralis


Common Name:
Southern Zigzag Salamander
Scientific Name:
Plethodon ventralis
Etymology:
Genus:
plethore is Greek meaning "fullness or full of",  odon is Greek for "teeth". Referring to  the number of paravomerine and vomerine teeth.
 Species:
ventralis is Latin meaning "of the belly".
Average Length:
Virginia Record Length: 
Record length:

 

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier II - Very High Conservation Need - Has a high risk of extinction or extirpation. Populations of these species are at very low levels, facing real threat(s), or occur within a very limited distribution. Immediate management is needed for stabilization and recovery.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: This species is brownish to reddish salamander with red zig-zag marks down the entire length of the body. The body is speckled with bluish-white spots. The belly is usually lighter in color with the same bluish-white spots. The head is slender, and the sides behind the eyes slightly converge to the lateral extensions of the gular fold. The snout is bluntly pointed.

REPRODUCTION: Females deposit eggs shortly after moving to underground retreats in late spring or early summer. Eggs are attached within cave formations by sticky membranes. Incubation is about 3 months. Average clutch size is approximately 5 ova.*11305* Habitat: Talus slopes are very important to this species as well as rock crevices that provide access to deep underground passages. This may be important for overwintering.*11305*

References for Life History

Photos:

*Click on a thumbnail for a larger version.

 

Verified County/City Occurrence

Scott County
Washington County
Verified in 2 Counties/Cities.


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