plethore is Greek meaning "fullness or full of", odon is Greek for "teeth". Referring to the number of paravomerine and vomerine teeth.
4 - 5.25 in. (10 - 13.3 cm)
|Virginia Record Length:|
6.6 in. (16.8 cm)
PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: This species has parasphenoid teeth in 2 patches. The ground color is bluish-black and the belly and ventral surface of the tail is grayish. The throat is light and the light spots are small and white to bluish-white, usually restricted to the lower sides. The costal grooves usually number 16 with 2 to 3 intercostal spaces between the toes of the oppressed limbs. The vomerine teeth number 6-9. The length of this species is up to 152 mm *1009*.
REPRODUCTION: A small cluster of eggs is laid in early summer in damp logs, soils or moss, and in crevices in caves. Melanophosis occurs about the time of hatching *1014*. Reproduction is biennial or irregular, with many mature females failing to breed each year *3764*.
BEHAVIOR: This species occupies upland forests. They inhabit the entrances of caves and deep rock crevices, as well as burrows under rocks and logs on wooded hillsides *1014*. It is commonly found on wooded hillsides where it hides by day beneath stones or rocks. They are less frequently under or within old rot- ting logs, and found under flat stones in old second-growth, mixed deciduous, and evergreen forests *1009*. It is associated with damp logs, soil, or moss *1014*. This species uses ground surface material for escape and resting cover *883,865*. They may inhabit the twilight zone of caves *883*. Individuals are fairly sedentary *3764*. They are found in upland forests and wooded hillsides *883*. There is no aquatic larval stage *1014*. They are found in old quarries *865*.
AQUATIC/TERRESTRIAL ASSOCIATIONS: Terrestrial associations include Plethodon glutinosus, P. cinereus, Eurycea longicauda, Notophthalmus v. viridescens, Diadophis punctatus, Thamnophis sirtalis, Fagus grandifolia, Acer saccharum, Tsuga canadensis *3764*.
References for Life History
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|Subadult Pulaski Co.||Adult Pulaski Co.|