Yonahlossee Salamander
Plethodon yonahlossee

Common Name:

Yonahlossee Salamander

Scientific Name:

Plethodon yonahlossee



plethore is Greek meaning "fullness or full of",  odon is Greek for "teeth". Referring to  the number of paravomerine and vomerine teeth.


Average Length:

4.5 - 7 in. (11.5 - 18 cm)

Virginia Record Length:

Record length:

8.7 in. (22.1 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier IV - Moderate Conservation Need - The species may be rare in parts of its range, particularly on the periphery. Populations of these species have demonstrated a significant declining trend or one is suspected which, if continued, is likely to qualify this species for a higher tier in the foreseeable future. Long-term planning is necessary to stabilize or increase populations.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Belly and throat lightly pigmented and sometimes blotched, lighter than back; costal grooves usually 15, occasionally 16; intercostal folds between toes of appressed limbs 0-1; length to 165 mm *1009*; bright red back and profuse gray or white spotting on lower sides *1014*.

BEHAVIOR: Occurs between 3200 and 5000 feet on wooded slopes of mountains; hides by day beneath logs and stone or occasionally beneath the bark of a rotted log *1009*; inhabits hillsides and ravines, often where rock slides are thickly carpeted with mosses and ferns *1014*.

REPRODUCTION: It is believed that eggs are laid underground with direct development following, hatching is thought to occur in late summer and fall; it is thought that they become sexually mature at 4 years or more of age *10812*.

References for Life History

  • 1009 - Bishop, S.C., 1943, Handbook of Salamanders, 555 pgs., Comstock Publ. Co., New York, NY
  • 1014 - Martof, B.S., Palmer, W.M., Bailey, J.R., Harrison, III J.R., 1980, Amphibians and Reptiles of the Carolinas and Virginia, 264 pgs., UNC Press, Chapel Hill, NC
  • 10812 - Organ, J.A., 1990, Salamander Survey Section One 1990, Prepared for the Mount Rogers National Recreation Area, Jefferson National Forest, 40 pgs., Dept. of Bio. of the City College of New York, New York


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Verified County/City Occurrence

Carroll County
Floyd County
Grayson County
Pulaski County
Smyth County
Washington County
Wythe County
Verified in 7 Counties/Cities.

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