Virginia Snakes Sorted by Length

Virginia Snake Identification Guide


The below table is sorted by the Virginia record lengths from smallest to largest.

**NOTE: The largest snake recorded in Virginia history was a harmless, Eastern Ratsnake which measured 79.8 inches (6 foot - 7 inches) in total length.


Common
Name
Average Adult
Length in Inches
Virginia Record
Length in Inches
Record
Length
Dorsal
Pattern
Southeastern Crowned Snake 8 - 10 9.9 13 Uniformed color
Rough Earthsnake 7 - 10 11.6 12.8 Uniform color
Eastern Wormsnake 7 - 11 12.6 15 Uniform color
Smooth Earthsnake 7 - 10 12.6 15.5 Uniform color
Mountain Earthsnake 7 - 10 12.6 15.5 Uniform color
Northern Brownsnake 9 - 13 14.9 19.3 Spots
Northern Red-bellied Snake 8 - 10 15 16 Stripes
Northern Ring-necked Snake 10 - 15 19.5 27.8 Uniform color
Southern Ring-necked Snake 10 - 14 19.5 27.8 Uniform color
Smooth Green Snake 12 - 20 22.4 26 Uniform color
Snakes with a Virginia Record Length of Over 2 Feet
Northern Scarletsnake 14 - 20 25.6 32.6 Straight bands
Queen Snake 15 - 24 28.1 36.3 Stripes
Glossy Crayfish Snake 14 - 24 30.5 31.4 Stripes
Snakes with a Virginia Record Length of Over 3 Feet
Rough Greensnake 22 - 32 37.3 45.6 Uniform color
Eastern Ribbonsnake 18 - 26 38 38 Stripes
Eastern Milk Snake 24 - 36 42.2 52 Blotches
Eastern Gartersnake 18 - 26 43.3 48.7 Stripes
Eastern hog-nosed Snake 20 - 33 44.5 45.5 Uniform color/Blotches
Mole Kingsnake 30 - 40 46.8 47 Blotches
Snakes with a Virginia Record Length of Over 4 Feet
* Northern Copperhead 24 - 36 48 53 Hourglass bands
Northern Watersnake 24 - 42 54.1 55.3 Blotches
Corn Snake 30 - 48 56.7 72 Blotches
Red-bellied Water Snake 30 - 48 58 62 Blotches/Uniform color
Eastern Mudsnake 40 - 54 58.6 81.5 Blotches
Snakes with a Virginia Record Length of Over 5 Feet
* Eastern Cottonmouth 30 - 48 60.5 74 Hourglass bands
Eastern Kingsnake 36 - 48 63.8 82 Straight bands
Eastern Black Kingsnake 36 - 45 63.8 82 Uniform/Straight bands
Common Rainbow Snake 27 - 48 66 68.2 Stripes
Northern Pinesnake 48 - 66 66.1 83 Blotches
* Timber Rattlesnake 36 - 60 67.1 74.5 Zigzag bands
Brown Watersnake 30 - 60 68.7 69.5 Blotches
Northern Black Racer 36 - 60 70.7 73 Uniform color
Snakes with a Virginia Record Length of Over 6 Feet
Eastern Ratsnake 42 - 72 79.8 101 Uniform color

* = VENOMOUS

 

Dorsal Patterns

Straight Bands Spots Stripes
     
Hourglass Bands Zigzag Bands Blotches


Ventral Patterns

Rows Spots Checkerboard

Illustrations by Mike J. Pinder


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