Educational Materials

Educational Committee | Kids and Herpetology | GPS Information


Book Recommedations:

    Virginia Specific Resources

    • Kleopfer, J.D., Mitchell, J.C., Pinder, M.J. and Watson, S.H. 2017. A Guide to The Snake and Lizards of Virginia. Special Publication Number 6, Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries. Richmond, VA. 72 pages.
    • Kleopfer, J.D. and C.S. Hobson. 2011. A Guide to the Frogs and Toads of Virginia. Bureau of Wildlife Resources Special Publication Number 3, Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries. Richmond, VA. 44 pages.
    • Kleopfer, J.D., T.S.B. Akre, S. H. Watson and R. Boettcher. 2014. A Guide to the Turtles of Virginia. Bureau of Wildlife Resources Special Publication Number 4, Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries. Richmond, VA. 44 pages.
    • Linzey, Donald W. and Michael J. Clifford. 2002. Snakes of Virginia. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA. 173 pages.
    • Mitchell, Joseph C. 1994. The Reptiles of Virginia. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. 352 pages.
    • Jeffrey C. Beane, Alvin L. Braswell, Joseph C. Mitchell, William M. Palmer, and Julian R. Harrison III. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Carolinas and Virginia. 2nd Ed, University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC. 288 pages.
    • Pinder, M.J. and J.C. Mitchell. 2001. A Guide to the Snakes of Virginia. Wildlife Diversity Special Publication Number 2, Virginia Department of Game & Inland Fisheries. Richmond, VA. 32 pages.

    General Resources

    Frogs & Toads

    • Gibbons, Whit. 2008. Frogs and Toads of the Southeast. University of Georgia Press. 264 pages.
    • Wright, Albert H. & Anna A, Wright. 1933. Handbook of Frogs and Toads of the United States and Canada. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY. 640 pages.

    Salamanders

    • Mitchell, Joe & Gibbons, Whit. 2010. Salamanders of the Southeast. University of Georgia Press. 336 pages.
    • Petranka, James W. 1998. Salamanders of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. 587 pages.
    • Bishop, Sherman C. 1943. Handbook of Salamanders. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY. 555 pages.

    Snakes

    • Ernst, C.H. and G.R. Zug. 2004. Snakes in Question. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 177 pages.
    • Ernst, Carl H. and Ernst, Evelyn M. 2003. Snakes of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 668 pages.
    • Gibbons, Whit. 2017. Snakes of the Eastern United States. University of Georgia Press. 416 pages.
    • Gibbons, Whit. 2005. Snakes of the Southeast. University of Georgia Press. 253 pages.
    • Gibbons, J. Whitfield 2004. North American Watersnakes - A Natural History. University of Oklahoma Press. 438 pages.
    • Gloyd, Howard K. & Conant, Roger. 1990. Snakes of the Agkistrodon Complex. Oxford, Ohio. 614 pages.
    • Tennant, Alan and R.D. Bartlett. 2000. Snakes of North America Eastern and Central Regions. Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, TX. 588 pages.

    Turtles

    • Buhlmann, Kurt, Tuberville, Tracey & Gibbons, Whit. 2008. Turtles of the Southeast. University of Georgia Press.252 pages.
    • Ernst, C.H., J.E. Lovich and R.W Barbour. 1994. Turtles of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. 578 pages.

    Reptiles & Amphibians

    • Behler, John L., King, F. Wayne. 1979. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Reptiles & Amphibians. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York, NY. 743 pages.
    • Conant, R. and J.T. Collins. 1998. A Field Guide to Amphibians and Reptiles, Eastern and Central North America. Expanded, Third Edition. Houghton Mifflin, Co., Boston, MA. 616 pages.
    • Green, N. Bayard and Thomas K. Pauley. 1987. Amphibians & Reptiles in West Virginia. University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, PA. 241 pages.
    • Hulse, Authur C., McCoy C. J., Censky, Ellen. 2001. Amphibians and Reptiles of Pennsylvania and the Northeast. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY. 419 pages.
    • Jensen, John B. 2008. Amphibians and Reptiles of Georgia. University of Georgia Press. 575 pages.
    • White, James F. Jr. and White, Amy Wendt. 2002. Amphibians and Reptiles of DELMARVA. Tidewater Publishers, Centreville, MD. 248 pages.

Presentations:
These presentations have been modified with permission for Virginia by Mike Clifford. They have been designed for use by any individual interested in giving a presentation about amphibians and reptiles, or any educator looking to supplement their science curriculum. They cover information about the importance, biology, ecology, and conservation of amphibians and reptiles in Virginia. The PowerPoints have been designed to be age appropriate; and thus, we have created four different presentations: one for lower elementary school, one for upper elementary school, one for middle school, and finally one for high school and adults. They vary in depth of understanding, detail, and vocabulary. We hope that you find these helpful.

Amphibians and Reptiles: An Introduction to Herpetofauna

Herpetofauna: Season by Season

Activities

Additional Documents


Educational Graphics and Materials

  • Amphibians

    • Frogs

      • American Bullfrog vs. Green Frog - JPG
      • Eastern American Toad vs. Fowler's Toad - JPG and PDF
      • Calling schedule for Native Frogs and Toads - JPG and PDF

    • Salamanders


  • Reptiles

    • Lizards

      • Broad-headed Skink vs. Common Five-lined Skink - JPG
      • Common Five-lined Skink vs. Southeastern Five-lined Skink - JPG

    • Snakes

      • Classification of Virginia’s Snakes - JPG
      • Common Ribbionsnake vs. Eastern Gartersnake - JPG
      • Copperhead Skull vs. Ratsnake Skull - JPG
      • Cornsnake vs. Milksnake - JPG
      • Earthsnake Heads - JPG
      • Earthsnake Scale Count - JPG
      • How Snake Scales are Counted - JPG
      • Native Snakes That Eat Snakes (Ophiophagy) - JPG
      • Native Snakes That Vibrate Their Tails - JPG
      • Nonvenomous Snake Head - JPG
      • Snake Head Shape - Unreliable Method of determining Venomous Species - JPG
      • Venomous Pit Viper Skull - JPG
      • Venomous Snake Head - JPG and JPG
      • Virgina Snake Length - JPG
      • Virginia's Venomous Snakes - JPG

    • Turtles

      • Northern Diamond-backed Terrapins - PDF
      • Northern Diamond-backed Terrapins Bycatch Reduction Devices (BRDs) - PDF
      • Northern Diamond-backed Terrapin Make Your Own BRD - PDF
      • Mud Turtles of Virginia - JPG
      • Turtle Sex Identification - JPG

    • Miscellaneous Graphics

      • Physiographic Regions of Virginia - JPG

FROGS

Virginia is home to 28 species of frogs and toads.

SALAMANDERS

We have a large diversity of salamanders consisting of 56 different species and subspecies.

LIZARDS

Virginia is home to 9 native lizard species and two introduced species, the Mediterranean Gecko and the Italian Wall Lizard.

SNAKES

The Commonwealth is home to 34 species and subspecies of snake. Only 3 species are venomous.

TURTLES

Virginia has 25 species and subspecies of turtle. Five of these species are sea turtle.